Question: How does the life of a shepherd symbolize Jesus’ relationship with his followers?
Answer: The shepherd symbolizes Jesus’ relationship with his followers because good shepherds were devoted to their sheep. In biblical times, when flocks were driven into a sheepfold (high walls topped with thorns to prevent wolves from leaping in) at night, each shepherd took a turn guarding the sheep by lying across the open entrance, literally becoming the gate or door. If a wild animal managed to leap over the walls, the shepherd would give his life if necessary to protect the sheep. When the shepherds called their flocks in the morning, each sheep recognized its master’s call and went out and followed him. For a sheep to be kept safe, it had to follow its master closely as he led it to good pasture.
Jesus Christ is the Good Shepherd because he voluntarily suffered for our sins and gave his life for us. Therefore, we all will be resurrected and we all can repent, be baptized, and be forgiven for our sins.
John 10:1-15, 26-27
1 Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that entereth not by the door into the sheepfold (is not authorized by God to lead the sheep), but climbeth up some other way, the same is a thief and a robber (those who try to lead us astray).
2 But he (Christ) that entereth in by the door (is authorized by God) is the shepherd of the sheep.
3 To him the porter (guard) openeth; and the sheep hear his voice: and he calleth his own sheep by name, and leadeth them out.
4 And when he putteth forth his own sheep, he goeth before them (leads them, rather than herding them), and the sheep follow him: for they know his voice.
5 And a stranger will they not follow, but will flee from him: for they know not the voice of strangers.
6 This parable spake Jesus unto them: but they understood not what things they were which he spake unto them.
7 (Jesus now explains the parable.) Then said Jesus unto them again, Verily, verily, I say unto you, I am the door of the sheep (symbolic of the door to heaven).
8 All that ever came before me are thieves and robbers (any others who claim to be the doorway to heaven are false): but the sheep did not hear them (my true followers don’t come to them when they call).
9 I am the door: by me if any man enter in, he shall be saved, and shall go in and out, and find pasture (will be nourished by God).
10 The thief (symbolic of Satan, the wicked, etc.) cometh not, but for to steal, and to kill, and to destroy: I am come that they might have life (to bring the saints eternal life), and that they might have it more abundantly.
11 I am the good shepherd: the good shepherd giveth his life for the sheep (I will give my life for you).
12 But he that is an hireling (a hired servant), and not the shepherd, whose own the sheep are not, seeth the wolf coming, and leaveth the sheep, and fleeth: and the wolf catcheth them, and scattereth the sheep.
13 The hireling fleethh (runs away when danger comes), because he is an hireling, and careth not for the sheep (he doesn’t love the sheep like the owner does).
14 I am the good shepherd, and know my sheep, and am known of mine (my true followers know my voice and come when I call).
15 As the Father knoweth me, even so know I the Father: and I lay down my life for the sheep (I will give my life for my people as I perform the Atonement).
26 But ye believe not, because ye are not of my sheep, as I said unto you (You no longer recognize the voice of the Good Shepherd when he calls).
27 My sheep hear my voice, and I know them, and they follow me:
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Elder Gary E. Stevenson:
We understand that a true shepherd loves his sheep, knows each one by name, and “has personal interest in” them. My friend of many years spent his life as a rancher, doing the hard work of raising cattle and sheep in the rugged Rocky Mountains. He once shared with me the challenges and hazards associated with raising sheep. He described that in early spring, when snow on the expansive mountain range had mostly melted, he placed the family herd of approximately 2,000 sheep in the mountains for the summer. There, he watched over the sheep until late fall, when they were moved from the summer range to a winter range in the desert. He described how tending a large flock of sheep was difficult, requiring early days and late nights, waking well before sunrise and finishing long after dark. He could not possibly do it alone.
Others helped tend the flock, including a mix of experienced ranch hands assisted by younger hands who were benefiting from the wisdom of their companions. He also relied on two old horses, two colts in training, two old sheepdogs, and two or three sheepdog pups. Over the course of the summer, my friend and his sheep faced wind and rainstorms, sickness, injuries, drought, and just about every other hardship one can imagine. Some years they had to haul water all summer just to keep the sheep alive. Then, every year in late fall, when winter weather threatened and the sheep were taken off the mountain and counted, there were usually more than 200 that were lost.
The flock of 2,000 sheep placed in the mountains in early spring was reduced to less than 1,800. Most of the missing sheep were not lost to sickness or natural death but to predators such as mountain lions or coyotes. These predators usually found the lambs that had strayed from the safety of the flock, withdrawing themselves from the protection of their shepherd. Would you consider for a moment what I have just described in a spiritual context? Who is the shepherd? Who is the flock? Who are those who assist the shepherd?
The Lord Jesus Christ Himself said, “I am the good shepherd, and know my sheep, … and I lay down my life for the sheep.” The prophet Nephi likewise taught that Jesus “shall feed his sheep, and in him they shall find pasture.” I find abiding peace in knowing that “the Lord is my shepherd” and that each of us is known by Him and under His care. When we confront life’s wind and rainstorms, sickness, injuries, and drought, the Lord, our Shepherd, will minister to us. He will restore our souls.
In the same way that my friend tended his sheep with the assistance of young and old ranch hands, horses, and sheepdogs, the Lord also requires assistance in the challenging labor of caring for the sheep in His flock. As children of a loving Heavenly Father and as sheep in His flock, we enjoy the blessing of being individually ministered to by Jesus Christ. Simultaneously, we have a responsibility to provide ministering assistance to others around us as shepherds ourselves. We heed the words of the Lord to “serve me and go forth in my name, and … gather together my sheep.”
Who is a shepherd? Every man, woman, and child in the kingdom of God is a shepherd. No calling is required. From the moment we emerge from the waters of baptism, we are commissioned to this work. We reach out in love to others because it is what our Savior commanded us to do. Alma emphasized: “For what shepherd … having many sheep doth not watch over them, that the wolves enter not and devour his flock? … Doth he not drive him out?”
Whenever our neighbors are in distress temporally or spiritually, we run to their aid. We bear one another’s burdens that they may be light. We mourn with those who mourn. We comfort those who stand in need of comfort. The Lord lovingly expects this of us. And the day will come when we will be held accountable for the care we take in ministering to His flock.
My shepherd friend shared another important element in the watch care of sheep on the range. He described that lost sheep were particularly vulnerable to the dangers of predators. In fact, up to 15 percent of his and his team’s total time was devoted to finding lost sheep. The sooner they found lost sheep, before the sheep drifted too far from the flock, the less likely the sheep were to be harmed. Recovering lost sheep required much patience and discipline.
Some years ago, I found an article in a local newspaper so intriguing that I saved it. The front-page headline read, “Determined Dog Won’t Abandon Lost Sheep.” This article describes a small number of sheep belonging to an operation not far from my friend’s property that were somehow left behind in their summer range. Two or three months later, they became stranded and snowbound in the mountains. When the sheep were left behind, the sheepdog stayed with them, for it was his duty to look after and protect the sheep. He would not go off watch! There he remained, circling about the lost sheep for months in the cold and snowy weather, serving as a protection against coyotes, mountain lions, or any other predator that would harm the sheep. He stayed there until he was able to lead or herd the sheep back to the safety of the shepherd and the flock. The image captured on the front page of this article allows one to see character in the eyes and demeanor of this sheepdog.
In the New Testament, we find a parable and instruction from the Savior that provide further insight pertaining to our responsibility as shepherds, ministering sisters and brothers, of lost sheep:
“What man of you, having an hundred sheep, if he lose one of them, doth not leave the ninety and nine in the wilderness, and go after that which is lost, until he find it?
“And when he hath found it, he layeth it on his shoulders, rejoicing.
“And when he cometh home, he calleth together his friends and neighbours, saying unto them, Rejoice with me; for I have found my sheep which was lost.”
As we summarize the lesson taught in the parable, we find this valuable counsel:
We are to identify the lost sheep. We search after them until they are found. When they are found, we may have to lay them on our shoulders to bring them home. We surround them with friends upon their return.
Brothers and sisters, our greatest challenges and our greatest rewards may come as we minister to lost sheep. The members of the Church in the Book of Mormon “watch[ed] over their people, and did nourish them with things pertaining to righteousness.” We can follow their examples and remember that ministering is to be “led by the Spirit, … flexible, and … customized to the needs of each member.” It is also critical that we “seek to help individuals and families prepare for their next ordinance, keep [their] covenants … , and become self-reliant.”
Every soul is precious to our Heavenly Father. His personal invitation to minister is of greatest value and importance to Him, for it is His work and glory. It is quite literally the work of eternity. Each one of His children has immeasurable potential in His sight. He loves you with a love you cannot even begin to comprehend. Like the devoted sheepdog, the Lord will stay on the mountain to protect you through the wind, rainstorms, snow, and more.
President Russell M. Nelson taught us last conference: “Our message to the world [and, may I add, “to our ministering flock”] is simple and sincere: we invite all of God’s children on both sides of the veil to come unto their Savior, receive the blessings of the holy temple, have enduring joy, and qualify for eternal life.”
May we raise our sights to this prophetic vision so we can shepherd souls to the temple and ultimately to our Savior, Jesus Christ. He does not expect us to perform miracles. He asks only that we bring our brothers and sisters unto Him, for He has the power to redeem souls. As we do so, we can and will secure this promise: “And when the chief Shepherd shall appear, ye shall receive a crown of glory that fadeth not away.” Of this I testify, and of Jesus Christ as our Savior and our Redeemer, in the name of Jesus Christ, amen.
Source: Come, Follow Me–For Individuals and Families, p. 67; The New Testament Made Easier, Part 1, Volume 2, by David J. Ridges, 292; Excerpts from General Conference, October 2018, “Shepherding Souls,” by Elder Gary E. Stevenson, Of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles.