1844 - The Prophet Joseph Smith meets with the full Quorum of the Twelve Apostles for the last time and is probably when he gives them his “last charge” and bestows on them the keys, rights, and responsibility to lead the Kingdom of God. The Prophet also wrote a letter to the Congress of the United States offering to raise a volunteer army of one hundred thousand men to protect and bring organized constitutional government to the western and southern portions of the North American continent in behalf of the United States.
1832 - While staying at the John Johnson farm in Hiram, Ohio, fifty men led by Symonds Ryder, a disaffected member of the Church, pull Joseph Smith from his bed and tar and feather him. They also drag Sidney Rigdon by his heels along the frozen ground, severely injuring his head. Joseph and Emma’s eleven-month-old adopted son, Joseph, dies a few days later as a result of the exposure during the mobbing.
1833 - The Prophet Joseph met in council to discuss the purchase of several farms for the gathering of the Saints in the Kirtland, Ohio, area. After discussion, the council decided to purchase three farms, Elijah Smith’s, Mr. Morley’s, and Peter French’s. The Prophet Joseph would choose the Peter French farm as the site for the Kirtland Temple and sends Joseph Coe, Moses Dailey, and Ezra Thayer to purchase it.
1842 - The Advocate, a newspaper printed in Columbus, Ohio, reported on a recent visit by “an observer” to Nauvoo, Illinois, during the organization of the Masonic Lodge there. The “observer” writes, “I saw a people apparently happy, prosperous and Intelligent. Every man appeared to be employed in some business or occupation. . . . Nauvoo contains, it is said, about seven thousand persons; the buildings are generally small and much scattered. The Temple . . . will probably, in beauty of design, extent and durability, excel any public building in the state” (History of the Church, 4:565-566).
1839 - On this date, the Prophet Joseph Smith began to write a letter to the Saints from Liberty Jail that would later become the basis for the beautiful scriptures found in Doctrine and Covenants 121, 122, and 123. Joseph and his companions had been in Liberty Jail for several months when he wrote this letter of prayer, prophecy, and advice to the Saints who had fled to Illinois.
1897 - President Wilford Woodruff recorded his testimony of the Prophet Joseph Smith on a wax-cylinder device invented by Thomas Edison with the help of his son-in-law, Joseph J. Daynes, Jr. It was the first recording of the voice of a President of the Church. President Woodruff had recently turned ninety-years-old. (Recording click Here!)
1842 - The Prophet Joseph Smith organizes the Female Relief Society of Nauvoo, with Emma Smith as president, Sarah M. Cleveland as first counselor, Elizabeth Ann Whitney as second counselor, and Eliza R. Snow as secretary. Joseph stated that by selecting Emma as the president, it fulfilled an earlier revelation identifying her as an “elect lady.” Joseph also stated that “the Church was never perfectly organized until the women were thus organized” (Relief Society Magazine, March 1919, p. 129). The organizations objective was “the relief of the poor, the destitute, the widow and the orphan, and for the exercise of all benevolent purposes” (History of the Church, 4:567).
1845 - Brigham Young spoke to the Saints and called upon them to place all their efforts in completing the Nauvoo Temple. He also stated that since the State of Illinois had repealed the city charter that he was “going to drop the name Nauvoo and call this the ‘City of Joseph.’” He called for a meeting of the Bishops of Nauvoo to meet and organize a city government.
1838 - The Prophet Joseph Smith, Sidney Rigdon, and their families, arrive in Far West, Missouri. Many of the Saints in Far West came out to greet them and welcomed them to the city. A far cry from their recent experience in Kirtland. The Prophet and Sidney Rigdon had fled Kirtland, Ohio on January 12th to escape the violence of apostates who threatened their lives. Those Saints who remained faithful to the Prophet and the Church soon began to leave Kirtland for Missouri. However, the peace of Missouri was short lived. By winter the persecutions would force the Saints to leave Missouri and flee to Illinois.
1831 - The Prophet Joseph Smith and Sidney Rigdon begin work on the Joseph Smith Translation of the New Testament. The Prophet receives the revelation known as Doctrine and Covenants 46, which gives instructions on conducting Church meetings and the proper use of the gifts of the Spirit. He also receives Doctrine and Covenants 47 calling John Whitmer to keep a history of the Church.