1982 - Eleven restored buildings and projects in Nauvoo, Illinois, constructed over the previous six years, are dedicated by President Gordon B. Hinckley of the First Presidency in a ceremony held on the historic Temple site.
2010 - Mel Brahore receives the distinguished Service Award from the Oregon-California Trails Association for his work on the Mormon Pioneer Overland Travel Database. - 1847-1868.
1884 - The worst massacre of Church members in the South, known as the Cane Creek Massacre, took place during a Church service at the home of W. James Conder on Cane Creek in Lewis County, Tennessee. Elder William S. Berry and Elder John H. Gibbs were killed by an anti-Mormon mob led by David Hinson, who was killed in the fight by John Riley Hutson. Half brothers, John Riley Hutson and W. Martin Conder, were also killed by the mob. Sister Malinda Condor was shot and wounded in the hip but would recover enough to walk with a cane.
It is recorded in many testimonial statements and personal histories that during the afternoon meeting, Brigham Young was transfigured and had the appearance and voice of the Prophet Joseph while he was speaking. The transfiguration was a witness to many that the mantle of Joseph had fallen upon Brigham Young and he was the Lord’s choice to lead the Church in the absence of Joseph Smith. (History of the Church, 7:231-242)
1844 - At 4:00 p.m., a meeting of the Twelve Apostles and high priests at the Seventies’ Hall was held where Sidney Rigdon presented himself as the guardian of the Church due to a revelation and vision he claimed he had received. Brigham Young then stood and declared that the Twelve were next to Joseph in authority and that he did not care who led the Church as long as he knew God’s will concerning who it should be. A public meeting to be held the next day to decide the leadership issue was then approved by a unanimous vote.
1842 - While visiting Montrose, Iowa, the Prophet Joseph Smith prophesies “that the Saints would continue to suffer much affliction and would be driven to the Rocky Mountains, many would apostatize, others would be put to death by our persecutors or lose their lives in consequence of exposure or disease, and some of you will live to go and assist in making settlements and build cities and see the Saints become a mighty people in the midst of the Rocky Mountains” (History of the Church, 5:85).
1844 - Sidney Rigdon meets with the leading brethren in Nauvoo, Elders Parley P. Pratt, Willard Richards, John Taylor, George A. Smith, Amasa Lyman, and Bishop Whitney, in council. Sidney Rigdon tried to use fear tactics in his argument that a guardian needed to be appointed at the head of the Church to save it from falling apart. A public meeting is planned for August 8th to decide on the leadership issue facing the Church after the martyrdom of the Prophet Joseph. Brigham Young, and the Apostles traveling with him, are returning from their missions in the east. They boarded the steamer St. Croix at Galena, Illinois, for the final part of their journey down the Mississippi River towards Nauvoo.
1831 - The Prophet Joseph Smith dedicates the location for a temple in Independence, Missouri. Sidney Rigdon, Edward Partridge, W. W. Phelps, Oliver Cowdery, Martin Harris, and Joseph Coe were in attendance. This is the first temple site dedicated in this dispensation. (History of the Church, 1:199)
1831 - The Prophet Joseph Smith and eleven other men lay the first log for the first house constructed by the Colesville Saints in Kaw Township, Jackson County, Missouri, twelve miles west of Independence. The log was carried and placed by twelve men, in honor of the twelve tribes of Israel. Also, Sidney Rigdon consecrated and dedicated the “land of Zion” for the gathering of the Saints.
1844 - Samuel Smith, brother of the Prophet Joseph Smith, dies of “bilious Fever” just over a month after the martyrdom of his brothers Hyrum and Joseph. Often called the third martyr because the sickness attacked him after being chased by the mob outside of Carthage on the day his brothers were killed. He is buried in the Smith Family Cemetery near his brothers in Nauvoo, Illinois.
1856 - The fifth handcart company leaves Iowa City for the Salt Lake Valley. It contained 576 people, 146 handcarts, and 7 wagons. Most had crossed the Atlantic Ocean on the ship “Horizon,” leaving from Liverpool, England. Returning missionary Edward Martin was chosen as the Captain. Time delays and the need to supply so large a group resulted in the late start of the Martin Handcart company leaving Iowa City.
1847 - Brigham Young and fifteen others, including the other six members of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles present in the valley, travel the northern end of the Salt Lake Valley. They cross the Jordan River and travel to Black Rock at the southern end of the Great Salt Lake. They swim in the lake and comment on the buoyancy of the salt water. They then traveled west to Tooele Valley but noted there was not a lot of water that is so vital for settlement. They then returned to Black Rock where they spent the night.